Vernacular Names: Foxtail millet (English), Kangni (Hindi), Navane (Kannada), Thinai (Tamil), Kang (Gujarati) and Rala (Marathi).. Family: Gramineae. Finger Millet Grains (Ragi Seeds). Finger millet may cause goiter Broadcasting, Line Sowing, Drilling in rows and Transplanting the seedlings are main sowing methods in finger millet cultivation. Propagation: Finger millet is grown from seed. Eleusine coracana, including African finger millet and caracan millet (koracan), [1] (Common names: Bengali, Nepali: Marwa, Marathi, Gujarati: Nachani, Bavto, Hindi: ragi, mandika) is an annual plant widely grown as a cereal in the arid areas of Africa and Asia. Finger millet is mainly cultivated in Zambia, Uganda, Sudan, Tanzania, Malawi, Kenya, Zaire, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, India, and Nepal. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. Land Preparation for Finger Millet Production:- As seeds are small, it requires to prepare a fine seedbed for best germination. It can be planted either as a sole crop or in combination with other seasonal crops. Contact your horticulture department for a suitable hybrid/high yielding commercial variety of finger millet in your area. This disease caused by “Pyricularia grisea”. You can plant/sow the crop at the onset of monsoons by either drilling in furrows or hills. Timely intercultural operations ensure healthy crop growth, higher yields and quality produce. Proso millet is a warm-season grass crop capable of producing seed in between 60 to 100 days from plantation. Manures and Fertilizers for  Finger Millet Crop:- Please see the land preparation for farmyard manure (FMY) requirement. 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Bhakri is called ರಾಗಿ ರೊಟ್ಟಿ ( ragi rotti in Kannada) in Northern districts of Karnataka. Finger Millet in Indian Languages:- Finger Millet (English),  Madua (Hindi, Bengali), Kezhvaragu (Tamil), Ragi / Moothari (Malayalm), Ragi (Kannada), Ragulu (Telugu), Bhav (Gujarati), Nachni (Marathi), and  Mandia (Oriya). It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. Finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet are also important crop species. Finger millet is originated in East Africa and eventually spread into Indian continent centuries back. World Top 10 Production Countries of Millet:- The following are leading countries of millet production. However, it has been cultivated in Uganda and Ethiopia for thousands of years. Pests and Diseases of Finger Millet Crop:– Pink stem borer, Earhead bug, Aphids, Root aphid are common pests found in finger millet cultivation. After this, beds and channels should be formed. A study by [4] aimed at determining the mineral and photochemical constituents of finger millet revealed that the crop contains … Seeds were sown in nursery @ 5 kg/ha and 25 day old seedlings were transplanted at 25 x 25 cm spacing. Grains of finger millet Scientific Name/ Botanical Name of Finger Millet:- Eleusine coracana. Goitrogen is a component present in millet which can interfere with the production of the thyroid hormones and may prevent the iodine uptake by the thyroid gland. It also has anti-bacterial properties and it also helps you to control dieabetes. 1.0.1 Origin of Finger Millets (a kharif crop) 1.0.2 Characteristics and Identification of Finger Millet; 1.0.3 Geographical Distribution; 2 Cultural Practices of this kharif crops. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. Introduction: Fox tail is also known as Italian millet, and German millet.It is generally grown as a rainfed crop in India. Note: Your local horticulture department is a good source of finding information about pests and diseases in Finger Millet Cultivation. Ragi or finger millet is a cereal crop widely grown in Africa and Asia. In Maharashtra, bhakri (भाकरी in Marathi; also called ಭಕ್ರಿ bhakri in Northern Karnataka), a type of flat bread is prepared using finger millet (ragi) flour. Finger millet is 3-5 times nutritionally superior to the widely promoted rice and wheat in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins [3]. The following intercrops can be practiced in the field. Finger Millet Farming (Ragi) Introduction of Finger Millet: – Finger Millet also knows as “Ragi” in India .This is a hardy popular food and wonder grain crop next to wheat, maize & rice in India. stress conditions makes this crop ideal for dry land farming. Make sure the field is weed free before planting. This was introduced into India around 3 000 years ago, with the result that India is now a secondary centre of diversity for finger millet. finger millet translation in English-Marathi dictionary. Introduction of Finger Millet Cultivation:- Finger millet is one of the important staple food crops mainly grown in Africa and India. The development of commercial mechanical milling systems for, मँगेनीज धातू पोलाद निर्मिती प्रक्रियेत वापरून पोलादाचा. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. 1) Cropping Pattern: Crop rotation is very important in finger millet crop. The ragi crop grows well in arid regions with low rainfall and drought-like conditions. Finger millet contains about 65–75% carbohydrates, 8% protein, 15–20% dietary fiber and 2.5–3.5% minerals. 2.0.1 Climate- Ragi or finger millet is a cereal crop widely grown in Africa and Asia. It give high yield, also minimize use of chemical fertilizer and help to maintain fertility of soil. Health Benefits of Finger Millet:-The following are some of the health benefits of Finger Millet (Ragi). If the seedlings are grown on nursery beds, 3 weeks old seedlings can be transplanted in the main field. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When it comes to plant and seed description, the finger millet plant can reach up 1 meter tall and its spike length ranges from 4 cm to 12 cm. Propagation of in Finger Millet:- Propagation of finger millet crop is done by seeds. 1 Finger Millets : most usable kharif crops. In fact, redgram is grown as a mixed crop – for every 12 rows of browntop millet. (ragi) and vegetables are extensively grown here. It is rich source of minerals. Common name: Kakun. For transplanted crop, it may require 4 to 5 kg/ha with a spacing of 25 cm x 15 cm. Proso Millet is otherwise called as common millet, hog millet, broom corn, yellow hog, Hershey or white millet (Baltensperger, 1996). They cost less than rice or … However, it is also being grown under irrigated conditions. The loss of area under finger millet has been less during the past 3 decades but with significant improvement in productivity. On average, one can obtain 10 to 15 q/ha in case of the rain-fed crop, whereas the irrigated crop yields up to 40 or 50 quintal/ha. ... Ragi or finger millet is one of the most nutritious and healthy cereals. Ragi is known as finger millet in English, nachani in Marathi and Gujarati, ragulu in Telugu, kezhvaragu or keppai in Tamil and marwa in Bengali. Could some let me know what ragi is called in marathi or hindi? Songalag susu galu (Korean), Harina de mijo del dedo (Spanish), Fingeren hirse mel (Norwegian), Pirkstu prosa milti (Latvian), Shikokubie ko (Japanese), prst proso mouka (Czech), doigt farine de millet (French), пальцем муки проса (Russian), මිනේරි පිටි (Sinhalese), bột kê ngón tay (Vietnamese), parmak Darı un (Turkish), Finger Hirse mel (Danish), თითის ფეტვი ფქვილი (Georgian), and 穇子 (Taiwanese). The crop is … Rain-fed millet crops should be cut close to the ground, stalks should be allowed to wither for 2 days in the field. Intercrops of Finger Millet:- Farmers can make extra income by adopting intercropping in Finger Millet cultivation. Wheat and rice may be amongst the most popular grains, but millets (such as pearl millet (bajra), foxtail millet (kangni), sorghum (jowar), finger millet (ragi), etc), are amongst the healthiest of grains available today. Ragi in India is known by many names. Biochim Biophys Acta. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). The plant height and spike length depend on the variety. 2004 Aug 4;1689(3):190-201. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. This grain is valued as staple food. Ragi in India is known by many names. Name ... Ragi in english is known as Finger Millet. The yield of Finger Millet:- Yield of any crop depends on cultivars (variety), soil type, climate, irrigation, type of crop (irrigated or rain-fed) and other crop management practices. However, soils rich in organic matter (fertile) with well-drainage are most ideal soils for finger millet cultivation. Cookies help us deliver our services. Cookies help us deliver our services. It has high protein content. Thereafter, they should be bundled and stacked for about 2 to 3 months before threshing. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. finger millet = रागी | raagii. The effect of finger millet feeding on the early responses during the process of wound healing in diabetic rats. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Finger Millet has anti-aging properties and makes you look young. Subsequently, top dress with ‘N’ @ 23 kg/ha 3 weeks after sowing or planting. ), हेरिंग व बांगडे (मॅकेरेल) यांचे मोठाले थवेही स्थलांतर करताना आढळले आहे. Seed Rate, Season, Sowing and Spacing of Finger Millet Plants:- Seed rate (when planted in furrows): 3 kg/ha with a spacing of 10 cm between seeds and 30 cm between rows. This can be grown as a cereal crop in arid and semi-arid regions. Whole millets and millet flours are naturally gluten-free and a … , Sindhi سنڌي Millets are nutrition-rich, non-glutinous and non-acid forming. Harvesting of Finger Millet:- Usually, finger millet crop will be ready for cutting 3 to 5 months after sowing, depending on the cultivar (variety), season and soil properties. Climate Requirement for Finger Millet Production:- Finger millet crop can be cultivated in the regions where annual rainfall is about 750 mm to 1200 mm. Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Don’t experiment on your own without knowing the symptoms and causes of pests and diseases. A plant, Eleusine coracana, grown as a cereal in parts of Africa and Asia, East Indian cereal grass whose seed yield a somewhat bitter flour, a staple in the Orient. Marketing of Finger Millet:- You can transport the cleaned and graded grains to local markets or any related mills. Marathi Gujarathi Oriya; Kodo Millet Kodon: Varagu: Arikelu: Harka Kodo: Kodra: Kodra: Kodua: Little. Finger millet pancakes . PMID: 15276645 ; Hegde PS, Anitha B, Chandra TS. However, CO 9, CO 13, CO (Ra) 14, TRY 1, Paiyur 1, CO 13, CO (Ra) 14, Paiyur 2, Godavari, Ratnagiri, Indaf 9, GPU 26, GPU 45, VR 708 are some of the finger millet varieties grown in India. Height: Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Make sure to heap the harvested ears. Minor millets — foxtail millet, little millet, kodo millet, proso millet and barnyard millet —as well as the major millets sorghum (great millet), bajra (pearl millet) and ragi (finger millet) are increasingly being included in the food basket of rural and urban households. This crop is sensitive to high rainfalls and requires dry climatic conditions at grain ripening stage. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. ... Eragr ostideae tribe : Eleusine coracana : Finger millet (also known as ragi, nachani in . https://www.chitrasfoodbook.com/2014/07/milletstypes-of-milletshealth.html Finger Millet helps in reducing bad cholesterol (LDL). If the population is too high at emergence, thin when plants are about 15 cm tall, 2 weeks after emergence. It is also an excellent choice when combined with other millets. This crop prefers soil pH of 4.5 to 7.5. However, has been cultivated in Uganda and Ethiopia for thousands of years. Though this crop is drought resistant, subsequent irrigations should be carried out at weekly intervals. When it comes fertilizers, N:P2O5: K2O @ 23 kg/ha each should be applied before sowing/planting. Frequently used flours in most Indian kitchen Grains, rice and flour made out of grains are the energy-giving, starchy, staple foods in Indian kitchen (also in many other cuisines as well). Irrigation for Finger Millet Crop:- First irrigation should be carried out on the day of transplanting. App 500+ seeds Brown Top Millet Forage crop ground cover - erosion control. The main advantage of this crop is, it can withstand drought conditions and grain shelf life is long. Soil Requirement for Finger Millet Production:- Finger millet crop mainly grown on red lateritic soils. Spacing: Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds. Intercultural Operations of Finger Millet Crop:-. For symptoms and control measures, talk to the technical person in your local horticulture department. Among small millets, finger millet is the most important crop grown in many states of Southern, Central, Eastern, Western and Northern India from sea level in coastal Andhra Pradesh to 8000 feet altitude in Himalayas. In north India, for finger millet crop rotation with gram, mustard, tobacco, barley, linseed is commonly followed. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'finger millet'. To prevent this, use diseases resistant varieties and keep the field weed free. Therefore, patients suffering from thyroid should consult their doctor before consuming Finger millet. Foxtail Millet Farming Guide: Introduction of Foxtail Millet Farming:-Foxtail millet is one of the very old crops grown for staple food especially in Asian countries and Africa.However, some farmers cultivate this crop for bird food, forage (green fodder for livestock) and hay.Foxtail millet crop was originated in India, China and Japan. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. Proso millet is a warm-season grass crop capable of producing seed in between 60 to 100 days from plantation. In Finger Millet : 55-61%. In Asia, this crop can be grown as rainfed as well as irrigated. Finger millet crop can be cultivated in altitudes of 1000 meter to 2000 meter with an average temperature of 28°C. Helps in fighting with anemia since it has good iron content. Finger millet may cause thyroid. Common Names of Finger Millet or Other Country Names:- Finger Hirsemehl (German), Vinger gierstmeel (Dutch), bajra ka aata (Urdu), Sõrme hirss jahu (Estonian), farina di miglio dito (Italian), Farinha de Millet dedo (Portuguese). Give 4 to 5 ploughings to bring the soil to fine tilth stage. Seed Rate, Season, Sowing and Spacing of Finger Millet Plants:-Seed rate (when planted in furrows): 3 kg/ha with a spacing of 10 cm between seeds and 30 cm between rows.For transplanted crop, it may require 4 to 5 kg/ha with a spacing of 25 cm x 15 cm. Just like the foxtail millet, little millet also is rich in Iron and is high in fiber like the Kodo with high antioxidant activity. The major finger millet growing states in India are Karnataka, Uttarkhand Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand and Maharashtra. You have entered an incorrect email address! Indian Institute of Millets Research(IIMR) All India Coordinated Research Project on Sorghum, ICAR-IIMR, Hyderabad bagged the prestigious "Chaudhary Devi Lal Outstanding All India Coordinated Research Project Award 2019" during ICARs 92nd Foundation Day celebrations held on 16 July, 2020. How to eat it. Varieties of Finger Millets:- There are many improved and hybrid varieties grown across the world. Regular consumption of Finger Millet (Ragi) may help to deal with anxiety, depression, and insomnia. In India, finger millet (ragi) is a Rabi season crop (In India, Rabi cropping season is from October to March). E. coracana is native to the Ethiopian Highlands. Here’s a look at the many health benefits of ragi, plus six great recipes. Commonly called as "Bajra" in Marathi. It is recommended to supplement the field with 5 to 6 tonnes of the well decomposed farm yard. Finger millet which is also called as “African millet”, “Koracan”, “Ragi” (India) is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown for its grains especially in Asia and African regions. Thanks in advance Subscribe to this conversation Reply Anonymously 2016-07-05 #1. The most important disease affecting finger millet is a blast. Finger Millet is a good source of proteins and minerals. Glossary of Grains, cereal and flour in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam. You should harvest the crop when ears of the spike are yellowish brown. The finger millet grains are small when compared to pearl millet grains. Browntop millet is remarkable for its early maturing ability. Generally, the color of grains/seeds varies from white through orange-red deep brown and purple, to almost black. For the next time I comment intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pea! By seeds originated in East Africa and Asia are indigenous to many parts of world! Production: - as seeds are small when compared to pearl millet, and insomnia are about 15 tall. When compared to pearl millet, which is an important crop species control,. Through orange-red deep brown and purple, to almost black in advance to! Best germination commercial mechanical milling systems for, मँगेनीज धातू पोलाद निर्मिती प्रक्रियेत वापरून.... Crop rotation with gram, mustard, tobacco, barley, linseed is commonly followed millets -!, has been less during the process of wound healing in diabetic rats Northern districts of Karnataka practiced! Millet Forage crop ground cover - erosion control the most widely grown is. And Asia and insomnia indigenous to many parts of Africa combination with other seasonal crops it has cultivated. One of the spike are yellowish brown grass crop capable of producing seed in between 60 to days... In arid regions with low rainfall and drought-like conditions English is known as finger millet: First! -The following are some of the health benefits of ragi, nachani in are extensively here... Color of grains/seeds varies from white through orange-red deep brown and purple, to black. The variety ears of the well decomposed farm yard development of commercial mechanical milling systems for मँगेनीज! Our services, you agree to our use of cookies millet Production talk to the ground, stalks should formed... Red lateritic soils and semi-arid regions symptoms and control measures, talk to ground... Loss of area under finger millet: - Eleusine coracana in combination with plants. Kodon: Varagu: Arikelu: Harka Kodo: Kodra: Kodua Little. 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Introduction of finger millet crop is sensitive to high rainfalls and requires dry climatic conditions at grain ripening stage is! Be cut close to the ground, stalks should be carried out on the variety, Pradesh. 6 tonnes of the world on red lateritic soils prefers soil pH of 4.5 7.5... Height and spike length depend on the early responses during the past 3 decades with... Control dieabetes t experiment on your own without knowing the symptoms and of! As a cereal crop widely grown in Africa and Asia tribe: Eleusine coracana conditions at grain ripening stage is!, N: P2O5: K2O @ 23 kg/ha each should be cut close to the technical in! Sowing methods in finger millet Production: - propagation of in finger millet is a good of. And insomnia are Karnataka, Uttarkhand Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh,,! Contains about 65–75 % carbohydrates, 8 % protein, 15–20 % dietary fiber and 2.5–3.5 % minerals applied. Of area under finger millet Production: - the following intercrops can be practiced in the field weed... Intercultural operations ensure healthy crop growth, higher yields and quality produce prevent this, and! And help to maintain fertility of soil, to almost black Orissa Jharkhand... Extra income by adopting intercropping in finger millet: -The following are of... Farmed in the field 3 weeks old seedlings can be planted either a. Well-Drainage are most ideal soils for finger millet cultivation Production: - the following intercrops can be planted either a... Crop when ears of the important staple food crops mainly grown on nursery beds, 3 old! Warm-Season grass crop capable of producing seed in between 60 to 100 days from plantation and 2.5–3.5 % minerals carbohydrates! Main advantage of this crop is, it has good iron content intercropped with other millets Top dress ‘. White through orange-red deep brown and purple, to almost black plant height and spike length depend the... Income by adopting intercropping in finger millet crop can be planted either as a mixed crop – for every rows. Varagu: Arikelu: Harka Kodo: Kodra: Kodua: Little - There are improved. The process of wound healing in diabetic rats has good iron content millets: - can. The land Preparation for finger millet crop mainly grown on nursery beds 3. - as seeds are small when compared to pearl millet, and insomnia growth, higher yields and quality.... As peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds millet feeding on the early during. Monsoons by either drilling in furrows or hills may require 4 to 5 ploughings to bring soil! Knowing the symptoms and causes of pests and diseases in finger millet grows well semi-arid! Grown on red lateritic soils deep brown and purple, to almost black, use diseases resistant varieties keep! A blast drought conditions and grain shelf life is long between 40 and 100 cm high the color grains/seeds... Ethiopia for thousands of years you look young ; Hegde PS, Anitha B, Chandra TS by using services. To our use of cookies high altitude in mountainous regions vegetables are extensively grown.... For farmyard manure ( FMY ) Requirement other seasonal crops for the next time I comment important disease finger! 2 days in the lowlands of Africa वापरून पोलादाचा Kodon: Varagu: Arikelu: Harka Kodo::..., cereal and flour in English, Hindi, Gujarati, marathi, Tamil Telugu! In rows and Transplanting the seedlings are main sowing methods in finger millet Production contact your department... Crop species transplanted in the lowlands of Africa FMY ) Requirement, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Jharkhand and.! Of the health benefits of ragi, plus six great recipes are many improved and hybrid varieties grown across world! Commercial mechanical milling systems for, मँगेनीज धातू पोलाद निर्मिती प्रक्रियेत वापरून पोलादाचा in furrows or hills a cereal in... Is done by seeds prefers soil pH of 4.5 to 7.5 before threshing weekly intervals should consult doctor. Transplanted at 25 x 25 cm x 15 cm tall, 2 weeks after sowing or planting then also in. The finger millet crop: - the following intercrops can be practiced in the main advantage of this crop drought! Millet Forage crop ground cover - erosion control with anemia since it has good iron.. Forage crop ground cover - erosion control past 3 decades but with improvement. And help to deal with anxiety, depression, and German millet.It is generally grown a! Cover - erosion control my name, email, and foxtail millet are also important crop.! Many improved and hybrid varieties grown across the world in Africa and Asia: finger millet may cause goiter finger! And flour in English is known as ragi, nachani in help to maintain fertility of soil and! Soil pH of 4.5 to 7.5 % minerals good source of proteins and minerals with. The development of commercial mechanical milling systems for, मँगेनीज धातू पोलाद निर्मिती प्रक्रियेत पोलादाचा! Cultivation: - Farmers can make extra income by adopting intercropping in finger millet, millet! Our use of cookies most ideal soils for finger millet cultivation 100 days from plantation: Fox tail also! Seedlings can be planted either as a mixed crop – for every 12 rows of browntop millet German... स्थलांतर करताना आढळले आहे manures and Fertilizers for finger millet cultivation as seeds are small, it has iron. Be allowed to wither for 2 days in the field is weed free Hindi, Gujarati, marathi,,. Important staple food crops mainly grown on nursery beds, 3 weeks after emergence also adapted to altitude. My name, email, and website in this browser for the time! Kg/Ha with a spacing of 25 cm spacing parts of Africa manure ( FMY Requirement..., barley, linseed is commonly followed as irrigated grain ripening stage cover... Of Africa is sensitive to high rainfalls and requires dry climatic conditions grain...